The yoga is one of the six systems of philosophy-Orthodox religious tolerated by 'Hinduism.
All current share four essential aspects of yoga:
1) Il Cosmo e la life dell’uomo è regolata the law of universal causation (the karman).
Structure time It is not linear, but cyclical. L’ universe moves according to a law circular in which everything returns. This affects the human condition: the Karman is the eternal cycle of alternating life is death (Samsara).
2) The cycle of the eternal return esiste solo perché l’uomo è offuscato dal Veil of Maya, from 'illusion generata dall’ignorance (avidya). Indeed, è l’uomo stesso che nutre e supporta il Samsara con la sua ignoranza che si manifesta nell’adesione e nella valorizzazione dell’illusion.
3) Al di là dell’illusion, there exists a absolute reality: l’be pure, the absolute. In world Western, This has been recognized for the first time since Parmenides and is identified with the One metaphysical. In the East it is said Where (Atman) that is precisely unity, the unconditional, the absolute, transcendence, immortality.
4) A cosa serve lo yoga? The purpose of yoga is to unite with the absolute Self, con l’be. To win the liberation (moksha) the yogin deve morire come uomo intrappolato nel Karman e rinasce come illuminato: the Nirvana (using terminology dear to Buddhism) It consists in union with the absolute (in fact the term yoga It means "Unionʱ??). In much of the mystic yoga, this absolute is identified with It Gave (Icvara). Bisogna precisare però che – non necessariamente – l’Be coincide con It Gave. In yoga Orthodox original, Icvara itself was different from the Atman. Nonetheless, He lived in the static contemplation of himself in the Atman. Therefore, in this case, the yogin non tende all’unione con It Gave, but its imitation, as it would like to reach the same state in which it is It Gave same. Besides the nuances, le coppie di concetti “imitazione di It Gaveʱ?? / “unione con It Gave” e “It Gave = Atman” / “Dio puro spirit contemplatore di se stesso nell’Atman”, They are very similar.
Summing yoga gives the faithful techniques, practices, the teachings and commandments to achieve union with another form of reality, absolute and immaterial.
The philosophy yoga It originated about three millennia ago, and Buddhism - Much later - is a religious movement – philosophical inherited many practices and ideas of yoga. Gli stessi masters of Siddharta erano Yogin. After, the same Buddhism influenced yoga Orthodox.
Summing,we saw that the yoga It has a function soteriology: l’uomo si può salvare solo mediante la knowledge of npensieri.it/index.php/npensiero/verita/" title="truth” target=”_blank”> Truth e la pratica che questa truth ispira ed impone. Rid equivalent to conquer another plane of existence, ad unirsi con l’Be, abandoning the human condition (pure becoming). The yoga implica dunque il detachment from world, from matter and the rinascita in un world che è immateriale, be e puro spirit. as we have already said, in the various currents yoga this absolute Being was often interpreted as It Gave, but it is not necessarily. in each case, for Yogi God exists and can have two different forms: o coincide con l’Atman (Being) oppure ne partecipa essendo lo spirit più puro. For general, in the rest of the discussion I will continue to call it Being, Atman or Absolute.
The first great Indian describing and systematize the techniques of yoga is the Yoga Sutra (Aphorisms sullo Yoga), written by In tanjali, that collects 185 aphorisms. Studies traditional Indian Patanjali they identified with the namesake grammarian who lived in the third century BC. but more modern philological studies have postdated the preparation work for the early medieval era presumably.
Patanjali is not the inventor of yoga. He has only put in writing what was passed down orally and through the teachings since antiquity.
Let's look more closely at what is the path of the Yogi. From our point of view,this path may seem overly harsh and painful. Egli deve cominciare abbandonando il world profano e tutto quello che ad esso appartiene: family company, material goods, affections. in this way, libero da ogni legame con il world, lo yogin si affida alla guida di un maestro Guru che, from then on, She became his spiritual father.