This thought will only exist for a reason: give voice to Orazio.
In the work of Shakespeare, Horace is the adviser Hamlet and his most trusted friend. The king of Denmark, Hamlet's father, He is betrayed and killed by his brother Claudius. After, fratricidal uncle usurps the throne and married Gertrude takes, the mother of Hamlet.
Hamlet It is pushed by two opposing forces: the vengeful fury on the one hand and the temperance other, which combine substantially it does not slide. The uncertainty, the question becomes extreme paralysis. The fear of choosing the door 'uomo to a state of stasis, of death apparent and perhaps it would be better "to die and anything more". Which death It is liberation, detachment from world, End of Suffering, escape from the trap of the doubt. In this act we see the attempt to combine the philosophy annulment (where the hero is the one who wins, but he who renounces) with the philosophy action: renouncing life and detachment from world They are no longer passive, but they are implemented in an active.
Once out of the spiral of doubt, Hamlet decides to fight. Inevitably it ends in tragedy: all the protagonists die. Orazio, in the tumult of tragedy, It is the only personality that could indicate a clear and decisive way: that of the temperance and control passions. While Hamlet It is initially uomo the doubt, and become bloodthirsty and vengeful later, Horace is the philosophy. The problem is that Horace is a pale figure, insignificant, sometimes nonexistent. The silence Horace and sloth are the traces of a confrontation that underlies the entire work. The Theatre once again it is against the philosophy: “There are more things in heaven and on earth, Orazio, than it dreams your philosophy” – says Hamlet.
This time the clash appears mild. In classical, the main cause of death of Socrates It was just a comedy. In "Clouds" by Aristophanes, albeit in a language more poetic, far from rhetorical register courts, Socrates He is accused of corrupting the youth. Paradoxical that Socrates He is suspected to exercise exactly what he was fighting: persuasion and rhetoric able to gain. actually, Socrates, with his conduct of life modest, frugal and its attitude search continue and end in itself, moves on lines antithetical.
On books of philosophy, typically is written that philosophy of Plato It was influenced by a purely political event: Death of Socrates. The question is who, per Plato, about death of Socrates not an event "purely political" but (and I stress above), It is a personal matter. L’friendship between the two and the importance which this value in philosophy Platonic lead to consider the possibility that the engine that drives the Platonic ideology is precisely the loss of 'friend, maestro is uomo unparalleled. Then, Plato, not immune from personal conditioning, kill the tragedy itself, that will survive in a rather flat due to the poetic Aristotle. It will life a tragedy locked up in the logos. Suffice it to say that Gouhier defines tragedy Aristotle, a tragedy in which lacks the tragic. In the following centuries, medieval culture, steeped in a religious, He will give the coup de grace. We are very far from the madness of tragic Hamlet.
The Theatre and the tragedy will regain all their autonomy and force expressive only Elizabethan era. regarding the Tragedy Shakespeare, it is difficult to think of a Hamlet "not philosopherʱ??: the work is a series of questions and thoughts philosophical expressed through the ideas and behavior of the protagonist. The clash between philosophy classical tragedy is not on the literary field, but just on the philosophical.
So let us just a fundamental point: both philosophy classical tragedy Shakespeare born from suffering. In a state of peace and absolute quiet inspiration comes less. The condition ataraxic closes'uomo in its serenity. Instead, both are in a state of rebellion against the function world and the paradoxical existential condition of 'uomo. The contrast is not the thrust that gives rise to these different forms of expression, but the goals that have. The difference in philosophy between Plato and what Shakespeare the tragedies is the clash optimism / pessimism.