|"The reason I put so much effort for the souls see the Plain of Truth and this: the proper nourishment to the best part of’soul It comes from the grass that is there, and the nature of the wing with which the’soul can fly feeds right in this "|
- Introduction to Plato's thought
- The political conception of Plato
- Platonic irony
- Platonic love
- Phrases and aphorisms of Plato
Alfred North Whitehead said that “whole history of Western philosophy is that a number of marginal notes on Plato”.
This observation, per anything disproportionate, It gives an idea of the work of Plato had, and continues to have, in philosophy Western.
The greatness of his writings is due to several factors. First of all their beauty.
Are texts that can be listed among the greatest literary works of all time. in second place, because in addition to calling philosophy, speak to 'soul Reader: Some dialogues are real panacea for’soul. Nell 'cramped dialectic can be found on the streets for a Spiritual growth.
Another important aspect of the writings of Plato is that also contain Socrates. In the early dialogues it is difficult (if not impossible) distinguish maestro is friend Socrates, the pupil Plato. Socrates will be the protagonist of all the Platonic dialogues, excluded "Laws" (the last work of Plato, where ideologically it will be quite far from maestro).
Another great merit of Plato is to have composed a tune that put together all the know of his time and to have had the genius that allowed him to compose notes from different and distant areas of know, in a harmonious and unifying.
His real name was Aristocles and it seems to have been dubbed Plato because of its physical robustness ("Or for large stylus that did honor").
He was born in 428 a.c. in an aristocratic family. It was therefore the education given to young people from noble families (ref. Socrates per approfondmenti).
He participated in several military expeditions during the war Peloponnese.
Early age loved to compose poems. In 407 a.C. an event directed sharply and permanently the destination his life: met Socrates. It is said that after meeting Socrates, He burned all his poems to devote himself entirely to philosophy. And it is Death of Socrates in 399 a.c. that permanently affect his life and it your philosophy.
That world, where he wanted to take the political career, had appalled: the right and Holy Socrates He had been wrongly accused and convicted.
That world he did not like, He would have to change it. The policy it sconcertava, because he saw that, sconosciti is that people closest to him, I used politics to enrich themselves and to satisfy their thirst for power and they were not interested in what you had to be their only task: the welfare of the city and citizens.
In 387 a.C. It is to Athens; bought a park dedicated to Academos and here he established a school known as the Academy, in honor of the hero and consecrated to Apollo and the Muses. The school of Plato based his teachings on science (about math in particular) and dialectic. The course had a parity basis and was carried through debates, with the participation of all students. There were no distinctions of age or rigid hierarchies. The know He had shared friendship within the Academy and it was disclosed to non-specialists through conferences or written the same.
The written text is in fact divided into two types:
Esoteric: intended for specialists, They were technically more difficult and written in a concise.
Exoteric: written for all, They were intended to disclosures and had a very cured.
For a case overtime we got all the exoteric writings of Plato, while the esoteric were destroyed (with Aristotle the opposite happened).
Plato starts to write in 395 (a 35 years) and his writings are set in the years 395-399.
He draws the evolution of thought with the imaginary dialogues set in the past, to address his this.
La sua philosophy It is a play of thought. In his plays it seems that thought moves, is alive. It highlights the inseparable connection with the life. Thought determines the direction to be given to life.