Previous: The message of Socrates and condemnation
Socrates, during the process in which it was asked for his sentence death, discard the possibility to defend himself with flatterers and persuasive speeches, arguing that we must remain true to yourself, in any condition. Reject, finally, that his sentence be commuted to exile or in 'obligation to leave philosophy
But it's still a chance to save.
Traditionally, la condanna non poteva be eseguita fintanto che la nave sacra delle feste Delie, lot on the day preceding the process, did not return to Athens.
In Critone, Plato ci fa capire che alcuni friends tentano di preparare la sua evasione, Failing to convince the prison guards. Ma l’ostacolo principale alla fuga è Socrates same. Alle sollecitazioni dell’friend, che lo invitavano a riflettere sulla vacuità sull’accusa e sull’injustice subita, Socrates ribatte che non si deve mai compiere injustice, even if it undergoes:
It points out that its duty is to respect the verdict, and failing to 'obedience due to his city, would perform injustice. Poiché ogni uomo is uomo nella società e non c’è justice senza società.
Bisogna evidenziare che Plato renderà queste istanze dei punti fermi della sua philosophy. They become as universal precepts, but, we have said on other occasions, that the philosophy
of Socrates non ha punti fermi (except "know yourselfʱ??). So it should say say Socrates, in that particular situation, She chose duty, but anything vieta di pensare che, in different situations, with different actors and at different times would have addressed the problem by making a different choice. His precepts are never absolute, but special, che variano di case in case.
Its inner motivation comes from knowing that his death It will be more “demonic”, than it was himself. It will be a thorn in the side of the city, that will force, sooner or later, Athenians to wade in, to start questioning.
After one month from the process, runs condemnation.
In Fedone di Plato, It is staging the death of Socrates, in the pages of extraordinary emotional tension and human.
Until the last moment, Plato ci mostra un Socrates sereno ed impegnato ancora in discorsi e dimostrazioni e completamente padrone delle sue emozioni:
"Many of us who until then, the best, They had managed to hold back the tears, when they saw him drinking, when they saw that he had been drinking, They did not make it more; to me the tears, despite my efforts, They gushed copious and hid his face in his cloak and cried myself, oh, I wept not for him but for me, for my misfortune, di tanto friend sarei rimasto privo. Critone, then, yet before me, he could not control himself and he got up to leave.
Apollodoro, then, that from the beginning he had been crying, broke into such sobs and moans in such that all of us present there heard heartbreaking, except one, Socrates, on the contrary: "But you are doing?"He said. "You are extraordinary. And I have sent away the women because I did similar scenes; from what I heard, bisognerebbe morire tra words di buon augurio. State calmi, via, and be strong. ""
Fedone – Plato
The peaceful acceptance of the death from Socrates mostra l’ aporia morale della philosophy socratica in tutta la sua essenza: the contrast between the individual and society, between thinking and persuade, between the political and wisdom, but especially, between the 'being and not be.