Christians were to start the Crusades?
Today it is often said that Christians have caused wars religion after giving life all Crusades and the orders of chivalry. In fact the history is a bit 'more complex.
Briefly I explain why things did not go as well as wish the common opinion. But first I want to emphasize that any war declared in the name of religion is an act, first of all, against the same religion. Wars are always triggered by economic reasons, Territorial, ideological and cultural. That kind of religion which constitutes the main motivation to unleash a war it's a religion bent to politics and fanaticism.
Between Christians and Muslims il conflitto iniziò ben poco dopo la birth dell’Islam (VII century). The first attack was carried out by Muslims in 711 with the invasion of Spain and the attempt to conquer Gaul. The cake was under the domination of the Visigoths 418 is, in that time, a boss the Visigoth kingdom, Roderic ftava (better known as Don Rodrigo).
The Muslims were able to conquer a Spanish city after another until, after the fall of the Visigoth kingdom, Spain was finally and fully incorporated in the Arab Caliphate of Damascus and if the Arabs had not been stopped by Charles Martel at Poitiers in 732, it was even France.
The first Christian crusade was launched on 27 November 1095 by Pope Urban II in order to bring help to the Eastern Christianity worried after setting the Seljuk Turks.
During the XI century, many Pilgrims europei viaggiavano per la Terra Santa, in order to visit the land where he lived Jesus Christ. During the rule of the Abbasid caliphs of Baghdad they were free to visit these places Saints.
The situation changed in the second half of the eleventh century, when the Seljuk Turks took control della regione che divenne molta insicura per i Pilgrims. Gruppi armati di banditi uccidevano o imprigionavano i pacifici Pilgrims.
The motivation then that led the Pope to call this "pilgrimage armato” in Terra Santa era dovuta al fatto che i Pilgrims cristiani in journey towards Jerusalem were regularly abused or killings. Il Papa chiese quindi al popolo cristiano d’West di prendere le armi per aiutare i cristiani d’Oriente.
From then on, however,, There was an escalation that brought the Crusades to turn, by simple means of defense, in half to get the territorial expansion of the European powers and to justify their ambiguous role of "civilizing-conquerors".