|“Only foolish He believes in static and in principle dell'immodificabilità ”|
- Introduction to’ Hinduism
- The Hindu religious system
- Art and Hindu iconography
- Female deities
- Other deities
The life It is possible thanks to the alternation of opposites: joy and pain, fullness and lack, life is death. The gods are not exempt from this principle. The existence is dynamic for the 'Hinduism, Only foolish He believes in static and in principle dell'immodificabilità. The gods are changing and unstable: today are in a way, tomorrow may be the other way. So, for example, the it gave Shiva is called "The Destroyer" might also have benevolent events. on the other hand,Visnu, the kind of conservative Hindu triad, one day become thirsty for blood and destruction and only an emanation of Shiva prevent him from destroying the world. This apparent contradiction stems from the idea that the deities contain in them all manifestations of creation: It looks divine and demonic, the world animal's plant, the natural and the human,masculine and feminine. the object of the religion Hindu is the reconciliation of opposites and the elimination of dualism. Duality therefore does not represent the true essence, but only the 'appearance of world phenomenal. for this, even sexual union is not doomed,Unlike, sexual energy is a force Central in certain currents of 'Hinduism since it allows the reconciliation of opposites.
in addition, the gods are not omnipotent, but even they are subject to a cosmic will top.
The roots of Hindu thought to date back thousands of years ago. It comes from Vedismo,from Brahmanesimo and popular beliefs native. L’Hinduism Modern is the result of 'evolution - mergers,absorptions and contrasts- between the beliefs of the peoples of different ethnicity who lived in India over the millennia.
The sacred texts are the oldest Farewell. The ends Veda means “know”, “knowledge”, “wisdom”. The Vedas are ancient collection of sacred texts of the people Arii who invaded, around the twentieth century BC, the current India . The cultural exchange between Dravid - Reservoirs - and Ari - Invaders - contributed to the creation of the doctrinal system of India during the Vedic period oldest of the 2000 a.C. and the 1100 a.C.
I Veda (considered a revelation) They are constituted by the 4 Samitha: Rgveda,Samaveda,Yajurveda and Atharvaveda.
The Ari were polytheists and were making sacrifices to the gods because they were dependent on their sacrifices.
After, thanks to contacts with indigenous peoples, sorsese new religious forms inspired by the ancient ones.
The nascent Hinduism he gave life Additional texts (periodo Vedico recente):
• Brahmin, commentaries to the four Samitha compounds between 1100 a.C. e l’800 a.C.;
• Aranyaka, esoteric reserved to the hermits of the forests or otherwise recited outside the context of the villages, composed between 1100 e l’800 a.C.;
• Upanishads, works of further deepening composed between 800 and 500 a.C.;
• Tomorrow and Vedanga,works of codification of rituals, compounds from 500 a.C. on.
• Mahabharata and the Bhagavad Gita (became. Canto del Divino).
The Mahabharata is an epic (written in Sanskrit) and it corresponds to what accounted for the Western culture of the Iliad and the 'Odyssey. They are the literary work of larger dimensions in the world of all time. The dating of the events narrated is uncertain. Some scholars place between the events 2300 and 1400 a.c. while writing the Mahabharata it is located between the 'eighth and fourth centuries BC.
The celebration Bhagavad Gita It is contained in the great epic Mahabharata and is an epic self. The Bhagavad Gita is considered the essence of all schools of thought Hindu; It contains a number of philosophical and spiritual teachings aimed at self-realization.
For those interested, there is an address where you can buy an audio version of the Bhagavad Gita.
From this tradition developed Vedanta. The Vedanta (written in Sanskrit) It is one of the six orthodox systems of religion Hindu Indian, and what is the basis of most modern schools of’Hinduism. “Vedanta” It means in Sanskrit “conclusion” (adopting) O “sum” Veda.