"What is it science?" – asks Socrates in Theaetetus Plato. Not what this or that science, but What is science is. What are the characteristics that a cognitive methodology needs so that it can be called that way?
The problem of demarcation and the definition of an exact method, he was able to lead the ship of knowledge of routes that could be safest of knowledge itself, It has always focused attention and efforts of Philosophy (and not only) in the most diverse areas of the know.
Today it seems that thinking to a rigorous method and accurate, exhaustive and identifiable once and for all with a defined protocol, is a rather pretentious claim, since, the natural sciences themselves have recognized their inherent mobility to a truth, that will never be reached.
The weight of the historical consciousness It is felt in all areas of know: from natural sciences to human, from physics to sociology. Aware of incessant revolutions that accompany the passing of knowledge in time, It seems difficult as said Hans-Georg Gadamer "confine naivety of a tradition exclusive".
The fundamental problem is to establish the boundaries, similarities, but also the differences between the human Sciences (Humanities) and the natural sciences (Natural sciences). To complicate this difficult relationship has entered forcefully technique, whose fast and unstoppable development can not be taken into account in the world odierno. It would be a serious mistake to consider technique as a branch of the passive Naturwissenschaften: it requires that its ontological status, in some cases, It is in contrast with that of basic sciences.
- The definition of the concept of knowledge.
- How changes the way see the world (and the Philosophy) in the light of scientific knowledge.
- How applications of technology and science, transform society and the way of live dell’uomo.
For the first look, suffice it to say that today, the term epistemology, which at its originally identified that part of the philosophy studying science, It is often used synonymously “theory of knowledge” (especially in the world Anglo-Saxon). This clearly indicates science and knowledge They are tied to the present day.
For the second appearance today, in my opinion, no longer have to worry only about how the philosophy can contribute to the development of science, but also of the tremendous impact that the know scientific on philosophy and on Philosophy.
Which philosopher '900 was immune to the influence of the discoveries of relativity and quantum mechanics? Philosophy and science are increasingly linked (we assume a return to basics, in which the "philosophy nature "encompassed science and philosophy).
The last aspect is trivial. Today we all live in the social and cultural transformations introduced by modern technology.
Do you think science influenced on your conception of life? Come? What is the relationship between science and knowledge ?
What's the connection between Philosophy and science?